World - Africa Updated: February 01, 2023

Ten Most Peaceful Countries In Africa

By Rasheed Olajide Awoniyi
February 01, 2023

The most peaceful countries in Africa are those that have been able to keep their borders reasonably secure from both external and internal conflict.

This is more challenging than it first appears since individuals often become aggressive and violent toward one another when they must fight for limited resources.

Africa has not historically been a peaceful continent; it has suffered immensely as a result of military coups, boundary disputes, tribal and communal conflicts, etc.

Several unofficial wars are raging on the continent at the time this article is being written, and these wars' knock-on effects include poverty, a lack of infrastructure, and a very gloomy future for the continent.

These are the nations that have managed to break out from Africa's current downward cycle and have achieved a notable level of peace, hastening the pace of social progress in their countries. 


Below are the top 10 most peaceful countries in Africa. 

1. Mauritius

Off the southern coast of Africa sits the tiny island country of Mauritius. This country is so little that it is simple to miss it on a map.

However, by fostering a culture of peace, it has been able to successfully place itself on the path to sustainable growth.

With a population of 1,265,475 people, Mauritius is quite similar to India in terms of culture, cuisine, and politics.

The inhabitants of Mauritius are renowned for being multicultural and multiethnic.


One of the smallest countries in Africa, Mauritius is renowned for its beaches, lagoons, and reefs.

In terms of asset management and estate planning, the country is reputable.

The parliamentary system is used for governance in Mauritius, which also has a low crime rate, fair trials, and an open legal system.

In terms of democracy and economic and political freedom, Mauritius is placed highly.

The most tranquil country in Africa is Mauritius, which is listed as the 28th most peaceful nation in the world.


This tranquil environment has been crucial in luring investments from other regions of the continent as well as from international sources.

Originally with a modest agriculture-based economy, Mauritius has evolved into a high-income, diversified country with the majority of its income coming from tourism, textiles, sugar, and financial services.

2. Ghana

This country has a long history; in Ghana, a prosperous and sizable power that thrived on trade, agriculture, and the mining of precious metals formerly ruled.

The population of multiethnic Ghana as of today is 32,103,042, making it the second most populous county in West Africa.

Ghana has succeeded in preserving its rich ethnic diversity; the Akans, Mole-Dagbon, Ewe, Ga-Adangbe, Gurma, Guan, Gurunsi, and Mande tribes have succeeded in coexisting peacefully.

Ghana, which uses a unitary form of government, is currently the second most tranquil nation in Africa.

Additionally, two peaceful power transitions between two political parties have taken place in the country.

The country has strong relations with other neighbouring countries, and internal conflicts in the country are quite low.

This stability has resulted in the country's prosperity; Ghana has received a large amount of foreign direct investment from Europe and America, and many corporations have departed from more volatile countries in the region to settle in Ghana.

Ghana has also grown in importance in concerns affecting West Africa and the continent as a whole, serving as the primary focal point for European and American diplomatic efforts.

Mining and hydrocarbon production, as well as industry, agriculture, trade, retail commerce, and tourism, all contribute to Ghana's economy.

3. Botswana

Botswana is a small Southern African country. The Kalahari Desert covers 70% of the area, and the population is slightly more than 2.3 million people.

Botswana has maintained a culture of peace not only with other countries but also within its borders.

The countryside is mostly rural and serene.

Botswana's financial system is one of the greatest and most modern in Africa, and the country's constitution has been created in such a way that the government protects and represents its inhabitants' rights.

The economy of Botswana is dominated by mining, livestock ranching, and tourism.

Botswana has a GDP per capita of approximately $18,113, which is unusual for such a small country.

They enjoy one of the greatest living standards on the continent.

This is one of the most promising places in Sub-Saharan Africa in terms of personal income and economic stability.


4. Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone is a West African country located on the coast.

The country borders Liberia and Guinea, with whom it has a shared history.

After experiencing the brutality of war, the country now prefers peace.

Yes, Sierra Leone has maintained a stable and unbroken period of peace for the last few years, to restore a territory that was nearly destroyed by fighting.

Sierra Leone has made remarkable progress and accomplishments.

This country is considered one of the most religiously tolerant in the world, and it is endowed with abundant natural resources.

This country of around eight million inhabitants has a diversified topography that includes savanna and rainforests.

People make a living by working in agriculture, mining, and the tourism industry.

The country is rapidly developing, and investors are pouring money into power generation, retail trade, communication, and other areas.

5. The Gambia

The Gambia is the continent's smallest country. It is located on the continent's west coast, bordered by Senegal except for the side that faces the ocean.

With a population of roughly 2.1 million people, The Gambia is an English-speaking country.

Apart from its good inter-tribal relations, the country is doing well in establishing very good diplomatic connections with other West African nations.

The Gambia's economy is based on agriculture and tourism.

Groundnuts (peanuts) are a historic agricultural crop of this country, and cattle are also important.

Food processing, notably the processing of groundnuts into packaged items, is gaining popularity and is projected to enhance the country's economy further.

6. Senegal

Senegal is a country on Africa's West Coast. This country shares a cultural heritage with the Gambia, with which it is inextricably linked.

Senegal has always been a peaceful country, only engaging in minor conflicts or skirmishes.

The country has an estimated population of 15 million people and a diverse economy.

Tourism, agriculture, fishing, mineral resource mining, and international trade are all economically significant sectors in this country.

Groundnuts, seafood, chemicals, textiles, and other products are among the country's exports.

This is an important financial centre as the former capital of French West Africa.

7. Tanzania

Tanzania is an East African country that has recently made headlines for all the right reasons.

The country is located in the Great Lakes region, near Kenya, Comoros, and Uganda.

Tanzania has traditionally been a tranquil country, and it has also proven to be an excellent diplomat.

This country has created a culture of purposeful and competent leadership, poised to improve the people's living conditions.

Tanzania has a population of approximately 61 million people and a land area roughly equal to that of Nigeria.

This is one of Africa's most tranquil countries; it hasn't even had a low-level conflict in decades.

Instead, the government has made concerted efforts to expand the country's economy through industry, agriculture, technology, and tourism.

Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa's tallest mountain, is located in Tanzania.

8. Malawi

Malawi is a landlocked country located in southern Africa. Malawi's neighbours include Zambia, Tanzania, and Mozambique.

The country spans approximately 118,484 square kilometres and has a population of 19,431,566 people.

Malawi is considered one of Africa's least developed countries because the majority of the population lives in rural areas.

Nonetheless, Malawi is very serene and quiet; agriculture and tourism generate the majority of the country's earnings.


9. Equatorial Guinea

Equatorial Guinea is a small country on Central Africa's west coast.

This country is only 28,000 square kilometres in size.

Equatorial Guinea was named after its location as well as the fact that it was a colony of Spanish Guinea.

The country has a population of 1,468,777 people and is one of the few areas in Africa where Spanish is spoken.

This country has never been embroiled in a conflict and has one of the greatest per capita incomes in Africa.

10. Namibia

Namibia is a South African country. Although it has borders with Zambia, Angola, Botswana, and South Africa, the country is most closely associated with South Africa, from whom it earned independence following a war in 1990.

Namibia has a population of approximately 2.5 million people, and the country's economy is based on agriculture, mining, and tourism.

Even though Namibia's economy is intertwined with South Africa's, the country has managed to remain calm, avoiding being involved in any of the ethnic crises that have recently plagued South Africa.

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Rasheed Olajide Awoniyi

Rasheed is a Prolific Content Writer who also has a niche in all Genres of Literature, Academic Pape...

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