There are eight (8) people involved in the alleged theft, fraud and money laundering after an investigation by the authorities in Porto Alegre, Brazil.
The group stands accused of illicitly redirecting funds and using crypto operations to cover the subsequent money trail.
According to the Prosecutor's office in the Rio Grande do Sul, the retired player was part of a group that laundered money through the use of virtual currency.
In 2020, the Authorities confiscated the personal computer of the footballer and confirmed that He did work as a crypto-trader but denied any illegal activities.
The operation in question is investigating the April 2020 theft of R$30 million (£4m/$5.5m) from a major Brazilian industrial firm. That sum, according to the Prosecutor's office, was deposited in 11 bank accounts across four states in the country and then laundered through the purchase of cryptocurrency both locally and overseas.
Anderson who is now an assistant manager of Adana Demirspor denies any wrongdoing in the matter and will seek to clear his name.
"We have not been summoned, it is hard to talk right now," the former player's lawyer Julio Cezar Coitinho Junior explained to Globo.