• Oil & Gas - News
  • Updated: October 24, 2023

Nigeria To Reduce Methane By 2031, Gas Flaring By 2030 — Study

Nigeria To Reduce Methane By 2031, Gas Flaring By 2030 — S

Nigeria aims to reduce methane emissions to 60% by 2031 and cease gas flaring by 2030, according to the International Energy Agency (IEA).

This was mentioned in the October 2023 IEA study, The Importance of Reducing Methane from Fossil Fuels

Nigeria has implemented emissions control rules for the upstream oil and gas sector, according to the IEA report. The country's declared goals are to cease regular gas flaring by 2030 and to significantly reduce fugitive methane emissions by 60% by 2031.

In order to reduce emissions and the use of fossil fuels while maintaining steady access to energy services, there is a rising need for cleaner energy sources, which is why this project is in line with that shift.

The Nigerian Upstream Petroleum Regulatory Commission (NUPRC) released recommendations in November 2022 with the specific goal of defining actions that upstream oil and gas sector operators must do to avoid and control greenhouse gas emissions at both new and existing facilities.

The recommendations seek to mitigate negative effects on the environment and society, stop the waste of natural resources, and assist Nigeria in meeting its carbon reduction goals.

Per the prescribed standards, the NUPRC observed that operators must create and submit greenhouse gas (GHG) management plans no later than six months after the legislation goes into force.

The plans should include accounting procedures, emission source inventories, and timetables for achieving net-zero emissions.

Meanwhile, operators are required to do routine inspections under Leak Detection and Repair (LDAR) using authorised techniques such as optical gas imaging.

The inspection schedule calls for one inspection in the first year, two in the second, and four in the years that follow.

Large leaks must be fixed by operators within five working days, while small leaks must be fixed within fourteen.

Additionally, under the Commission's supervision, operators are required to keep track of their LDAR equipment and inspection reports in order for the Commission to grant a certificate.

Unlit flares that are emitting gas must be repaired in fewer than 48 hours. Replace smoking or spitting flare tips within two years of the recommendations going into effect, or within sixty days of the second year of inspection.

The International Energy Agency (IEA) projects that worldwide demand for coal would fall by more than 90% between 2022 and 2050, while the demand for oil and natural gas will decrease dramatically by about 80% between 2022 and 2050.

Therefore, it is anticipated that methane emissions from fossil fuels, which were around 120 million metric tonnes in 2022, will drop to 85 million metric tonnes by 2030 and then to 20 million metric tonnes by 2050, or a reduction of about 85% from 2022 levels.

Crucially, these reductions will take place even in the absence of intentional initiatives to lower methane, mostly as a result of lower fossil fuel production and use.

But it is important to stress that if targeted steps aren't taken to reduce methane emissions from burning fossil fuels, average global surface temperatures are expected to rise by more than 1.6°C by 2050.

The probability of climate-related damages and the potential crossing of irreversible climatic tipping points are greatly increased by such a larger temperature rise, highlighting the need of coordinated actions to reduce methane emissions and fight climate change.

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