• World - Africa
  • Updated: March 20, 2024

Ten countries with largest exports out of Africa

Ten countries with largest exports out of Africa

Exportation is quite significant in Africa's economy; it refers to the practice of selling goods and services produced within African countries to other countries around the world. 

Exportation in Africa plays a crucial role in the economic development and growth of many African nations and the continent is rich in natural resources such as minerals, oil, gas, and agricultural products. 

These resources constitute a significant portion of Africa's export commodities. Countries like South Africa, Nigeria, Angola, and Algeria extensively export their resources to global markets.

However, for this listicle, it is important to note that specific export items may vary over time, as economies evolve, and global demand for certain products fluctuates. 

Additionally, political, social, and economic factors can significantly impact a country's export performance.


1. Nigeria

Cocoa exportation, Nigeria

Nigeria is the largest exporter in Africa, thanks to its substantial oil reserves. Petroleum products such as crude oil, refined petroleum, and liquefied natural gas constitute a significant portion of Nigeria's exports. 

Other major exports include agricultural products like cocoa, rubber, and palm oil.


2. South Africa

Gold exportation, South Africa

South Africa has a diversified economy, which enables it to export a wide range of goods and services. 

The country is a major exporter of minerals such as platinum, gold, diamonds, and coal. Additionally, South Africa exports machinery, vehicles, chemicals, and agricultural products.


3. Angola

Fish exportation, Angola

Angola is another African country heavily reliant on oil exports. Crude oil represents over 90% of its total exports. 

Besides oil, Angola exports diamonds, coffee, fish, and timber. The country is also a significant exporter of natural gas and refined petroleum.


4. Algeria

Iron Ore exportation, Algeria

Algeria is renowned for its oil and gas exports, as it possesses substantial reserves. Natural gas and crude oil dominate its export composition. 

Additionally, Algeria exports refined petroleum, iron ore, and various agricultural products like dates, wheat, and dairy.


5. Morocco

Textile and clothing exportation, Morocco

Morocco boasts diverse export sectors, including textiles, clothing, and automotive parts. The country is also a leading exporter of phosphates, a vital ingredient in fertilizers. 

Additionally, Morocco exports fruits, vegetables, and processed food products. Tourism is another significant source of revenue.


6. Egypt

Cotton exportation, Egypt

Egypt has one of the largest economies in Africa and exports a wide range of goods. Its main exports include petroleum products, machinery, cotton, metals, and chemicals. 

The country is known for exporting agricultural products such as citrus fruits, vegetables, and cotton.


7. Libya

Libya, Oil Exportation

Libya's economy heavily relies on oil exports, which account for nearly all of its export revenue. 

The country possesses significant oil reserves and exports crude oil, refined petroleum, and natural gas. Libya also exports minerals like limestone, gypsum, and cement.


8. Tunisia

Vegetables and fruit exportation, Tunisia

Tunisia is known for its exports of textiles, clothing, and footwear. The country is also a significant exporter of agricultural products such as olive oil, dates, citrus fruits, and vegetables. 

Additionally, Tunisia exports machinery, electrical appliances, and automotive parts.


9. Ghana

Diamond exportation, Ghana

Ghana is one of the largest cocoa producers globally, and cocoa beans constitute a substantial portion of its exports. 

The country also exports gold, oil, timber, and various agricultural products. Additionally, Ghana exports minerals like manganese and diamonds.


10. Kenya

Titanium Ores exportation, Kenya

Kenya's major exports include tea, coffee, horticultural products, and petroleum products. 

The country is one of the leading exporters of flowers and vegetables. Furthermore, Kenya exports textiles, tobacco, and minerals like soda ash and titanium ores.

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