• Life
  • Updated: March 29, 2023

Ten Interesting Facts About Capital City Of Abuja

Nigeria, the world's most populous black nation, is perched elegantly on the Gulf of Guinea. With a population of over 200 million, it ranks as the seventh most populated nation in the world.

Abuja, a metropolis, serves as the capital of Nigeria. It is located in the centre of the nation and is referred to as the "centre of unity."

It is therefore seen as essential and independent of both race and religion.

The city's stunning natural scenery, cutting-edge parks, and majestic structures are breathtaking.

However, it also has a wide range of other amazing characteristics.

Because of this, both natives and foreigners frequently tour the capital of Nigeria to experience the luxurious lifestyle and also for economic and business purposes which Abuja offers.

In this article, we will explore ten interesting facts about Abuja that have made it quite the centre of attraction among Nigerians and foreigners respectively.

1. Abuja is one of the fastest-growing cities in the world

The city of Abuja is one of the fastest-growing in the globe, which is one of its remarkable facts.

Abuja only had 364,000 residents in 1991, when it became the capital of Nigeria.

Nearly a million individuals lived in the metropolis in 2006.

The Nigerian capital expanded by 139.7% between 2000 and 2010, according to the United Nations. Its rapid growth made it one of the world's most dynamic cities.

There are six million individuals living in the Nigerian metropolis in the year 2020.

Behind Lagos, Kano, and Ibadan, it is now the fourth most popular metro region in Nigeria.

2. It is the first purpose-built city in Africa

The Nigerian capital was built from scratch in the 1980s. This is again one of the amazing facts about Abuja.

Nigeria's ethnic diversity made it necessary to locate a neutral site for the capital.

Abuja was chosen in the 1970s; consequently, construction started right away.

It wasn't finished until the late 1980s, though.

The delay was worthwhile because of the areas' designated purposes, smooth transportation system, and extensive road networks.

3. Abuja's tropical temperature is year-round

The Nigerian capital lies 477m above sea level, making the climate quite tropical, hence, the city experiences high temperatures all year round.

The rainy seasons begin in April and run through October. This leaves the remaining part of the year extremely dry.

So, when considering visiting Abuja, bear in mind that March is its warmest month of the year.

Likewise, its coldest month is August and December is its driest month of the year.


4. Weekends in Abuja are full of social activities

Some people think Abuja is dull because it is a government-run metropolis. But nothing could be further from the truth.

Another fantastic truth about Abuja is the exciting vibes that flood the air on weekends.

There are so many fun locations and hot destinations in the metropolis. On Saturdays, all of these places come alive.

You don't have to search far to locate a posh eatery, park, or exotic hotel.

Visit Jabi Lake Park, Gurara Falls, and Magicland Amusement Park for the finest experience.

5. Abuja's Carnival is one of the best in Africa

Another interesting fact about Abuja is that it hosts a yearly carnival at the end of the year.

It is a cultural festival with a variety of events. Boat regattas, street parades, and cultural contests are just a few examples.

It became formal in 2005. Since then, it has drawn approximately 200,000 local and foreign performers.

Over 250 cultures are featured and beautifully exhibited during the Abuja carnival.

The carnival only lasts a few days, but it is jam-packed with cultural performances and events.

The Durbar is the most well-known.

Well-trained horses' aerial stunts are a spectacle you will never forget during the durbar parade.

6. Before 1991, Abuja was not the Capital of Nigeria

Nigeria established Lagos as its capital after gaining freedom in 1960.

This resulted in a commercial and population boom, further crowding the old metropolis.

This, among other factors, necessitated a search for new capital. 

Interestingly, Abuja was previously located in the southern portion of the old Habe Kingdom of Zazzau.

Despite resistance, an order removed Lagos as Nigeria's capital in 1976 and Abuja was designated the Nigerian capital in 1991, after more than a decade of construction.

7. Abuja is the headquarters of most corporate bodies and companies

Another interesting fact about Abuja is that it is the headquarters of many multinational corporations and businesses.

Many corporate entities and groups have their headquarters in Abuja.

The cause for this is self-evident.

Similarly, many government organizations have their head offices in Abuja.

ECOWAS, NITDA, FRCN, and NPF,  are a few of these headquarters.

8. Abuja is a city with many hills and rocks

Another remarkable feature of Abuja is its abundance of hills and rocks.

The most famous of the rock is the Aso rock, which rises 1,300 feet into the sky.

It is home to the presidential compound, the Supreme Court, and the National Assembly.

Zuma rock is another of these famous rocks. It is located in the Nigerian state of Niger.

However, because it is so near to Abuja, many visitors mistake it for one of the capital city's rocks.

Many hills and boulders can also be seen throughout the metropolis.

The majority of them are gorgeously complemented by contemporary structures and fixtures.

As a result, the city has a natural but refined appearance.

9.  The cost of living in Abuja is quite high

The expense of living in Nigeria's capital is, unsurprisingly, quite expensive.

This is particularly true when compared to other densely populated towns such as Lagos and Ibadan.

Transportation, domestic furnishings, and food are all expensive.

However, the expense of housing and property are the main culprits of this reality.

A small apartment in Abuja costs more than a year's income for the typical Nigerian.

If you have deep pockets, the city's beauty and wealth will render these variables irrelevant.

10. It is a hub for nationally and internationally recognised individuals

The Nigerian capital is a confluence for many national and international business owners.

It is in Abuja that you will find homes of many of the country's politicians, lobbyists and power brokers.

This is partly because many of the country's federal agencies are located in Abuja.

Also, the presence of the National Assembly in the city takes credit for this.

Again, Abuja is the settlement of over one hundred and fifty embassies and consulates.

So, don’t be surprised when you find yourself sitting next to a diplomat or two during a function.

Related Topics

Join our Telegram platform to get news update Join Now
Rasheed Olajide Awoniyi
Rasheed Olajide Awoniyi

Rasheed Olajide Awoniyi is a Master's degree holder in International Affairs and Diplomacy, A Ba...

More From this Author


arbico plc Construction/Real Estate

Arbico plc is a building and civil engineering contracting company, established ...

julius berger nig. plc Construction/Real Estate

updc plc Construction/Real Estate


0 Comment(s)


See this post in...