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Akwa Ibom state
  • Date Created September 23, 1987
  • Capital Uyo
  • Governor Udom Gabriel Emmanuel
  • Land Area 7,081 sq km (2,734 sq mi)
  • Population 5,450,758 (2006 census)
  • GDP $11.18 billion

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History of Akwa Ibom

Akwa Ibom is a state in southeastern Nigeria. It is located in the coastal southern part of the country, and its capital and largest city is Uyo. The state is known for its rich culture, delicious cuisine, and abundant natural resources, including oil and natural gas. The official language spoken in Akwa Ibom is English, and the population is primarily made up of the Annang, Ibibio, and Oron ethnic groups.
Akwa Ibom state was created in 1987 from the former Cross River State. The name "Akwa Ibom" comes from the Qua Iboe language and means "land of the people of the qua iboe mission", which was a colonial mission.

The state has a rich history that dates back to pre-colonial times. The people of the state have a long tradition of arts, crafts, and music, as well as a rich cultural heritage.

During colonial times, the area that is now Akwa Ibom state was part of the British colony of Nigeria. The British established a protectorate in the area in 1884 and established the Qua Iboe mission to convert the local population to Christianity.

After Nigeria's independence in 1960, Akwa Ibom state became part of the Eastern Region of Nigeria. In 1967, the state became part of the newly created South Eastern State, which was later divided into the current Cross River and Akwa Ibom states.

In the post-colonial era, Akwa Ibom state has experienced significant economic growth and development, particularly in the areas of oil and natural gas production. The state has also made significant investments in infrastructure and social services, and has become an important center of industry and commerce in Nigeria.

                                 Location
Akwa Ibom is a state located in the southeastern region of Nigeria. It is situated along the coast of the Gulf of Guinea and bordered by Cross River State to the east, Abia State to the west, and Rivers State to the south. The state also shares a boundary with the Cameroon line to the east. The state is situated between latitudes 4°32′N and 5°33′N, and longitudes 7°25′E and 8°25′E. The state capital and largest city is Uyo.


                                       Trade
Akwa Ibom is a state with a diverse economy, but the mainstay of its economy is the oil and gas industry. The state is home to several major oil and gas companies, including ExxonMobil, Shell, and Chevron. The state also has a growing industrial sector, which includes a number of factories and manufacturing plants.

In addition to the oil and gas and manufacturing sectors, Akwa Ibom has a strong agricultural sector, producing crops such as rubber, palm oil, and coconuts. The state also has a developing tourism industry, which highlights its rich cultural heritage, beautiful beaches and resorts, as well as its historical sites.

The state government has also been investing in other sectors such as education and infrastructure to diversify the economy and create more job opportunities for its citizens. The state has been making considerable progress in the development of infrastructure, with the construction of an international airport, seaports and the building of a world-class stadium and other sports facilities that are expected to boost the state's economy and potential for trade and commerce.

                  Oil and Gas in Akwa Ibom State
Akwa Ibom state is a major oil and gas producing state in Nigeria. The state is home to several major oil and gas companies, including ExxonMobil, Shell, and Chevron, who operate in the state's Niger Delta region. The state is also home to the Niger Delta Petroleum Resources, a Nigerian indigenous oil and gas company.

The oil and gas industry is the mainstay of the state's economy and is responsible for a significant portion of the state's revenue. The state is known to have large oil and gas reserves, and production in the state is dominated by onshore and shallow water operations.

The state government has also been working to develop the state's oil and gas industry, through the development of infrastructure, such as the construction of an international airport, seaports, and other facilities to support the oil and gas industry.

However, the oil industry in Akwa Ibom state, as in the rest of the Niger Delta region, has also brought environmental challenges and social issues to the region, like oil spills, gas flaring, and environmental degradation, which have negatively impacted the lives of the local communities. The state government and the oil companies operating in the state have been working to address these issues through various programs and initiatives, such as implementing measures to reduce gas flaring and investing in community development projects.


                         Traditional Rulers
Traditional rulers play an important role in the culture and governance of Akwa Ibom state. The traditional rulers, also known as "Obong" in the Annang language, are the traditional heads of their respective communities and are recognized by the state government as official representatives of their communities.

Each traditional ruler has a specific traditional title and is responsible for maintaining law and order in their communities, settling disputes, and representing their communities in matters concerning the state government. They are also responsible for the preservation and promotion of the culture, tradition and customs of their communities.

The traditional rulers in Akwa Ibom state are organized under the Akwa Ibom State Council of Traditional Rulers, which serves as a forum for the traditional rulers to discuss and resolve issues of common concern. The State Governor is the Grand Patron of the Council and the Chairman of the Council is the Chairman of the State Council of Traditional Rulers, also known as the "Akpan Udom"

Traditional rulers in Akwa Ibom are highly respected and hold significant influence in the communities they serve. They are also considered as custodians of the culture and customs of their people, and play an important role in the preservation of the state's rich cultural heritage.

In Akwa Ibom state, traditional rulers are known as "Obong" in the Annang language. They are the traditional heads of their respective communities and are recognized by the state government as official representatives of their communities. Each traditional ruler has a specific traditional title, and they hold significant influence in the communities they serve. The traditional rulers are organized under the Akwa Ibom State Council of Traditional Rulers.

Traditional rulers in Akwa Ibom state include:

Obong of Calabar, who is the traditional ruler of the Calabar people.
The Amanyanabo of Twon-Brass, who is the traditional ruler of the Twon-Brass people.
The Eteidung of Itu, who is the traditional ruler of the Itu people.
The Oron monarch, who is the traditional ruler of the Oron people.
The Obong of Uruan, who is the traditional ruler of the Uruan people.
The Obong of Eket, who is the traditional ruler of the Eket people.
The Ukpong of Uruk Uto, who is the traditional ruler of the Uruk Uto people.
The Obong of Ikot Abasi, who is the traditional ruler of the Ikot Abasi people.
This is not an exhaustive list of all the traditional rulers in Akwa Ibom state, but rather a representation of some of the more prominent traditional rulers.


                                              Religion
Akwa Ibom state, like the rest of Nigeria, is a diverse and multi-religious state. Christianity and Islam are the two major religions in the state, with a significant number of followers of both religions. However, traditional African religions and other indigenous religious practices are also still widely practiced in some parts of the state.

According to the 2006 census, about 75% of the population of Akwa Ibom state are Christians, while about 20% of the population are Muslims. The remaining 5% of the population practice traditional African religions and other indigenous religious practices.

Christianity in Akwa Ibom is mostly practised by the Efik, Ibibio, and Annang ethnic groups, while Islam is mostly practised by the Hausa, Yoruba, and Tiv ethnic groups.

There is a generally peaceful coexistence between the different religious groups in the state, and the state government encourages religious tolerance and mutual respect among its citizens.

                           Heritage and Festivals
Akwa Ibom state is known for its rich cultural heritage and vibrant festivals. Some of the major festivals celebrated in the state include:

New yam festival (Iwa ji): celebrated by the Ibibio and Annang ethnic groups at the end of the rainy season to mark the beginning of the yam harvest.

Ekpe festival: celebrated by the Efik ethnic group, it is a masquerade festival that features colorful masquerades and traditional dances.

Christmas and Easter: These festivals are widely celebrated by Christians in the state, and are marked by church services, processions, and other activities.

Eid-el-Fitr: This festival is celebrated by Muslims in the state at the end of the Ramadan fasting period.

Osi-Uko: This is an annual festival celebrated by the Oron people, it is a celebration of the end of the farming season, and a thanksgiving to the gods for a bountiful harvest.

Iwa-Oron: This festival is celebrated by the Oron people, it is a celebration of the new year, and a time to invoke the blessings of the gods for the new year.

Uruan cultural festival: This festival is celebrated by the Uruan people, it is a celebration of the cultural heritage of the Uruan people and it features traditional dances, masquerades and other cultural activities.

These festivals are an important part of the cultural heritage of Akwa Ibom state and provide an opportunity for the people of the state to showcase their rich cultural heritage and traditions.


                         Educational Institutions
Akwa Ibom state is home to a number of educational institutions, including primary schools, secondary schools, and tertiary institutions.

Some of the notable tertiary institutions in the state include:

University of Uyo: Established in 1991, it is the state's first and largest university. It offers undergraduate and graduate programs in various fields of study.

Akwa Ibom State Polytechnic: This is a state-owned polytechnic that offers National Diploma and Higher National Diploma programs in various fields of study.

Akwa Ibom State University of Technology: This is a state-owned university of technology that offers undergraduate and graduate programs in various fields of study, with a focus on technological education and research.

Akwa Ibom State College of Education: This is a state-owned college of education that offers undergraduate and graduate programs in education and other related fields.

Akwa Ibom State Institute of Management and Technology: This is a state-owned institute of management and technology that offers National Diploma and Higher National Diploma programs in various fields of study.

Akwa Ibom State College of Health Sciences and Technology: This is a state-owned college of health sciences and technology that offers undergraduate and graduate programs in health sciences and related fields.

These are just a few of the many educational institutions in Akwa Ibom state. The state government has made significant investments in the education sector and continues to prioritize the development and improvement of educational institutions in the state.

                                Notable People
Akwa Ibom state has produced many notable people in various fields, including politics, business, entertainment, and sports. Here are a few examples:

Udom Emmanuel: He is the current Governor of Akwa Ibom state and a former Executive Chairman of the state's Oil-producing Area Development Commission.

Godswill Akpabio: He is a former Governor of Akwa Ibom state and currently a senator representing Akwa Ibom North-West in the National Assembly. He is also the Minister of Niger Delta Affairs.

Ini Edo: She is a popular Nollywood actress and movie producer from Akwa Ibom state.

Nsikak-Abasi Essien: He is a Nigerian businessman and philanthropist from Akwa Ibom state, he is the founder of Essien Group, a conglomerate of companies in the oil and gas, real estate, and telecommunications sectors.

Bassey Andah: He is a Nigerian businessman and philanthropist from Akwa Ibom state, he is the founder of Bassey Andah Group, a conglomerate of companies in the oil and gas, banking, and telecommunications sectors.

John Ogu: He is a Nigerian professional football player who plays as a central midfielder for Israeli club Hapoel Be'er Sheva and the Nigeria national team.

Imo Itsueli: He is a Nigerian businessman and philanthropist from Akwa Ibom state, he is the founder of Oilserv Group, a conglomerate of companies in the oil and gas, engineering, and construction sectors.

Victor Uwaifo: He is a musician and songwriter from Akwa Ibom state, he is considered one of the pioneers of modern Nigerian music.

Etim Okon Inyang: He is a professor of engineering from Akwa Ibom state, He is a Fellow of the Nigerian Academy of Engineering and the Nigerian Society of Engineers.

These are just a few of the many notable people from Akwa Ibom state. The state has produced many accomplished individuals in various fields, and continues to be a source of great talent and success.


 

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