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Kaduna state
  • Date Created May 27, 1967
  • Capital Kaduna
  • Governor Nasir El- Rufai
  • Land Area 131 sq km (51 sq mi)
  • Population 760,084
  • GDP

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History of Kaduna

Kaduna is a state located in the northwest region of Nigeria. It was created in 1967 and its capital is Kaduna. The state is known for its rich cultural heritage, diverse ethnic groups, and historical landmarks. Some of the notable ethnic groups in the state include the Hausa, Fulani, Berom, and Gwari. Kaduna is also home to several institutions of higher education, including Ahmadu Bello University and Nigerian Defence Academy.
Kaduna State has a rich history that dates back to the pre-colonial era. During the pre-colonial era, the area was inhabited by various ethnic groups, including the Hausa, Berom, and Gwari. The Hausa Kingdom was one of the most powerful empires in West Africa and controlled the trade routes connecting the region to the rest of the continent.

In the 19th century, the region came under the control of the British colonial administration, and was part of the Northern Nigeria Protectorate. After Nigeria gained independence in 1960, Kaduna State was created in 1967 from parts of the former North-Western and North-Central regions of Nigeria.

During the post-independence period, Kaduna State has played a significant role in Nigeria's political and cultural history. The state was the site of the 1966 counter-coup, which led to the overthrow of the country's first military government. In the 1980s and 1990s, the state was a center of religious and ethnic conflict, which resulted in the loss of many lives and the displacement of many residents.

Today, Kaduna State continues to be an important center of commerce, education, and culture in Nigeria. Despite its challenges, the state remains one of the most diverse and dynamic regions in the country.

Kaduna State is home to a diverse mix of ethnic groups and tribes. Some of the major tribes found in the state include:

Hausa: The Hausa are one of the largest ethnic groups in Nigeria and are concentrated in the northern region of the country. They are known for their rich cultural heritage, including music, poetry, and traditional crafts.

Fulani: The Fulani are a predominantly nomadic people found throughout West Africa. They are known for their pastoral way of life and for their skills in leatherworking and metalworking.

Berom: The Berom are a farming people who live in the Jos Plateau region of Nigeria. They have a rich cultural heritage and are known for their traditional music and dance.

Gwari: The Gwari are an ethnic group found in the central regions of Nigeria, including Kaduna State. They are known for their rich cultural traditions, including music, storytelling, and traditional crafts.

Adara: The Adara are a farming and herding people found in southern Kaduna. They have a rich cultural heritage, including traditional music and dance, and are known for their intricate beadwork and weaving.

These are just a few of the many ethnic groups found in Kaduna State. The diversity of the state's population contributes to its rich cultural heritage and makes it a unique and fascinating place to visit.

Kaduna State is an important center of commerce and industry in Nigeria, with a diverse economy that includes agriculture, manufacturing, and services. Some of the major trades and industries in the state include:

Agriculture: Kaduna State is a major producer of crops such as maize, rice, and yam, as well as livestock such as cattle, sheep, and goats.

Manufacturing: The state is home to a growing manufacturing sector, with industries producing goods such as textiles, food and beverages, and building materials.

Services: Kaduna State is also an important center for services, including banking and finance, telecommunications, and transportation.

Mining: The state is rich in minerals, including tin, limestone, and kaolin, and is home to a growing mining industry.

Tourism: Kaduna State is known for its rich cultural heritage and historical landmarks, and is an important center for tourism in Nigeria.

These trades and industries provide important economic opportunities for the people of Kaduna State, and contribute to the state's overall development and growth.


Location
Kaduna State is located in the northwest region of Nigeria. It borders the states of Katsina to the northwest, Kebbi to the northeast, Jigawa to the northeast, Bauchi to the southeast, and Plateau to the south. The state is situated in the heart of Nigeria and covers an area of approximately 46,053 square kilometers. The state capital, Kaduna, is located in the center of the state and is a major transportation hub, connecting the region to other parts of Nigeria and the wider West African region.

Cultural Heritage
Kaduna State is known for its rich cultural heritage, which is reflected in the diverse mix of ethnic groups that call the state home. The state is home to several ethnic groups, including the Hausa, Fulani, Berom, Gwari, and Adara, each of which has its own unique cultural traditions and practices.

Some of the notable aspects of Kaduna State's cultural heritage include:

Music and dance: The state is known for its rich musical traditions, including the Hausa music of the northern region, and the Gwari music of the central region.

Art and crafts: Kaduna State is known for its traditional arts and crafts, including beadwork, weaving, leatherworking, and metalworking.

Storytelling: The state is also known for its rich storytelling traditions, including traditional tales and legends passed down from generation to generation.

Food: Kaduna State is known for its delicious cuisine, which is influenced by the diverse mix of ethnic groups that call the state home.

These cultural heritage elements are an important part of Kaduna State's identity and are celebrated through festivals and cultural events, such as the Kaduna International Trade Fair, which is held annually in the state capital. The state's rich cultural heritage is a source of pride for its residents and a fascinating aspect of Nigeria's national heritage.

Kaduna State is home to a rich cultural heritage and several festivals that celebrate the diversity of its population. Some of the notable festivals in the state include:

Durbar Festival: This festival is celebrated by the Hausa people and features horse-mounted riders in colorful traditional attire parading through the streets.

Gwari Cultural Festival: This festival is held annually in the central region of the state and celebrates the rich cultural traditions of the Gwari people, including music, dance, and storytelling.

Adara Festival: This festival is held in southern Kaduna and celebrates the rich cultural heritage of the Adara people, including traditional music, dance, and beadwork.

Argungu Fishing Festival: This festival is held annually in the town of Argungu and features a traditional fishing competition in which participants compete to catch the largest fish.

Kaduna International Trade Fair: This annual event is held in the state capital and is a celebration of the state's rich cultural heritage, as well as a showcase for its economy and industries.

These festivals provide important opportunities for the people of Kaduna State to come together and celebrate their cultural heritage and traditions, and are an important part of the state's cultural landscape.


Traditional Ruler
Kaduna State, like many other states in Nigeria, has a traditional ruler known as the Emir. The Emir is the traditional leader of the Hausa people in the state and serves as an important figurehead and cultural ambassador for the community.

In Kaduna State, the Emir is the head of the Emirate Council and is responsible for preserving and promoting the traditional customs, practices, and values of the Hausa people. The Emir is also involved in local governance, mediating disputes between members of the community and advising the state government on matters of cultural significance.

The current Emir of Kaduna is Alhaji (Dr.) Shehu Idris, who was appointed to the position in 1975 and has held the office since then. He is widely respected in the state and is known for his commitment to preserving and promoting the cultural heritage of the Hausa people.

Kaduna State has a rich history of traditional rulers, many of whom have made significant contributions to the state and its people. Some of the most notable traditional rulers in the state include:

Alhaji (Dr.) Shehu Idris: The current Emir of Kaduna, who has held the position since 1975. He is known for his commitment to preserving and promoting the cultural heritage of the Hausa people.

Alhaji Hamza Zaria: The former Emir of Zaria, who was a prominent traditional ruler in the state and is remembered for his contributions to the community and his efforts to promote peace and unity.

Alhaji (Dr.) Umar Mukhtar: The former Emir of Zaria, who was a respected traditional ruler and is remembered for his contributions to education and his efforts to promote cultural heritage and traditions.

Alhaji (Dr.) Aliyu Mustafa Mai-Bornu: The former Emir of Zaria, who was known for his contributions to the state and its people and his efforts to promote peace and unity in the region.

These traditional rulers, and others like them, have made important contributions to the state and its people and continue to be remembered and respected in Kaduna and beyond.


Educational Institutions
Kaduna State is home to a number of educational institutions, both at the primary and secondary levels, as well as higher education institutions. Some of the notable educational institutions in the state include:

Ahmadu Bello University: This is a federal university located in Zaria, Kaduna State and is one of the largest universities in Nigeria.

Kaduna Polytechnic: This is a state-owned polytechnic located in Kaduna and is one of the oldest polytechnics in Nigeria.

Nigerian Defence Academy: This is a military training institution located in Kaduna and is responsible for training the country's military officers.

College of Education, Zaria: This is a tertiary educational institution located in Zaria that specializes in teacher training and education.

Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital: This is a specialist hospital located in Zaria and is one of the largest hospitals in northern Nigeria.

School of Health Sciences, Kaduna: This is a specialized school located in Kaduna that provides training and education in the health sciences.

These educational institutions, along with numerous primary and secondary schools, provide access to education for the residents of Kaduna State and contribute to the state's development and growth.


Notable Places
Kaduna State is home to a number of notable places that are significant to the state's history, culture, and economy. Some of the most notable places in the state include:

Kaduna National Museum: This is a museum located in the state capital that showcases the rich cultural heritage of Kaduna State, including artifacts, traditional textiles, and historical photographs.

Emir's Palace: This is the residence of the Emir of Kaduna, the traditional ruler of the Hausa people in the state, and is a symbol of the state's rich cultural heritage.

Kakau Waterfall: This is a natural waterfall located in the southern part of the state and is a popular tourist destination for its scenic beauty.

Kurmi Market: This is one of the largest markets in northern Nigeria, located in the state capital, and is a hub for trade and commerce in the region.

Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic: This is a higher education institution located in Zaria and is one of the largest polytechnics in Nigeria.

Zaria Archaeological Site: This is a significant archaeological site located in Zaria that provides important insights into the history and culture of the region.

These places, along with numerous other historical, cultural, and economic landmarks, make Kaduna State a rich and diverse region that is an important part of Nigeria's history and culture.


Notable People
Kaduna State is home to a number of notable individuals who have made significant contributions to the state, the country, and beyond. Some of the most notable people from Kaduna State include:

Alhaji (Dr.) Shehu Idris: The current Emir of Kaduna and a respected traditional ruler who has made important contributions to the state and its people.

Mallam Nasir Ahmad El-Rufai: The current Governor of Kaduna State and a former Minister of the Federal Capital Territory, who is known for his commitment to public service and development.

Alhaji Aliyu Mai-Bornu: A former Emir of Zaria and a respected traditional ruler who is remembered for his contributions to the state and its people.

Dr. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala: An economist and international development expert who served as Nigeria's Minister of Finance and Minister of Foreign Affairs, and is currently the Director-General of the World Trade Organization.

Alhaji (Dr.) Umar Mukhtar: A former Emir of Zaria and a respected traditional ruler who is remembered for his contributions to education and his efforts to promote cultural heritage and traditions.

Alhaji Hamza Zaria: A former Emir of Zaria and a prominent traditional ruler who is remembered for his contributions to the community and his efforts to promote peace and unity.

These individuals, along with numerous others, have made important contributions to Kaduna State and its people and continue to be respected and remembered in the state and beyond.

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