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Katsina state
  • Date Created July 29, 2020
  • Capital Katsina
  • Governor Aminu Bello Masari
  • Land Area 142 sq km (55 sq mi)
  • Population 318,459
  • GDP

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Katsina 2023 Presidential Election Results

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History of Katsina

Katsina State, located in the northern part of Nigeria, has a rich and diverse history dating back to pre-colonial times. The area that is now Katsina State was once part of the Sokoto Caliphate, which was one of the largest Islamic empires in Africa in the 19th century.

The history of Katsina State is closely tied to the Hausa people, who are the dominant ethnic group in the state. The Hausa people were known for their skills in trading, farming, and weaving, and they played an important role in the economic and cultural development of the region.

In the 19th century, Katsina State became a major center of Islamic scholarship, with many important scholars and religious leaders coming from the region. The city of Katsina itself became a hub of trade and commerce, with merchants from all over West Africa coming to buy and sell goods.

In 1903, the British colonial government took control of Katsina State as part of its effort to establish control over the northern part of Nigeria. Under British rule, Katsina State was merged with other neighboring territories to form the Northern Region of Nigeria.

After Nigeria gained independence in 1960, Katsina State became part of the newly formed Northern Region. In 1987, Katsina State was created as a separate state, with Katsina city serving as its capital.

Since then, Katsina State has continued to play an important role in Nigeria's political and economic landscape, with a strong focus on agriculture, education, and trade. The state has produced several notable figures in Nigerian politics and culture, including Umaru Musa Yar'Adua, who served as Nigeria's president from 2007 until his death in 2010.

Its capital city is Katsina, and it is bordered by five other Nigerian states: Jigawa to the east, Kano to the south, Kaduna to the southwest, Zamfara to the west, and Niger to the north.

Katsina State has a population of over 7 million people, with the majority of the population being Muslim. The state is known for its rich history and culture, with a number of important historical sites, including the Gobarau Minaret and the Kusugu Well.

The economy of Katsina State is largely based on agriculture, with the production of crops such as millet, sorghum, and cowpeas being major sources of income for the state. Livestock farming, particularly cattle rearing, is also an important economic activity in the state.

Katsina State is also home to a number of educational institutions, including the Federal University Dutsin-Ma, the Umaru Musa Yar'adua University, and the Hassan Usman Katsina Polytechnic.


People
Katsina State is home to a diverse range of ethnic groups, with the Hausa people being the dominant group. Other ethnic groups found in the state include the Fulani, Kanuri, Gbagyi, and Maguzawa.

The Hausa people are known for their rich culture and traditions, which include a strong emphasis on family and community values. They are also skilled traders, farmers, and artisans, and have played an important role in the economic development of the region.

The Fulani people, also known as the Fulbe, are another significant ethnic group in Katsina State. They are known for their expertise in cattle rearing and have played an important role in the state's livestock industry.

The Kanuri people are found primarily in the eastern part of Katsina State, and are known for their skills in farming and fishing. The Gbagyi people, who are primarily found in the southern part of the state, are known for their rich cultural traditions and artistic skills.

The Maguzawa people are another important ethnic group in Katsina State. They are found primarily in the northern part of the state and are known for their expertise in leatherworking and other artisanal trades.

Despite their diverse ethnic backgrounds, the people of Katsina State share a common language, which is the Hausa language. This has helped to promote a strong sense of cultural identity and unity among the people of the state.

Katsina State is home to several ethnic groups or tribes. The dominant tribe in the state is the Hausa people, who are known for their skills in trading, farming, and weaving. The Hausa people make up the majority of the population of Katsina State and are found in almost every part of the state.

Other tribes found in Katsina State include:

Fulani: The Fulani people, also known as the Fulbe, are primarily known for their expertise in cattle rearing. They are found in several parts of the state and have played an important role in the state's livestock industry.

Kanuri: The Kanuri people are primarily found in the eastern part of Katsina State. They are known for their skills in farming and fishing and have a rich cultural heritage.

Gbagyi: The Gbagyi people are found primarily in the southern part of Katsina State. They are known for their rich cultural traditions and artistic skills.

Maguzawa: The Maguzawa people are found primarily in the northern part of Katsina State. They are known for their expertise in leatherworking and other artisanal trades.

Bajju: The Bajju people are found in the southern part of Katsina State. They are known for their farming and hunting skills.

These are just some of the tribes found in Katsina State. Each tribe has its own unique cultural traditions and practices that have helped shape the history and identity of the state.

Trade
Katsina State is known for its vibrant and diverse trade industry, which has been a significant part of the state's economy for centuries. The state is strategically located in the northern part of Nigeria, which makes it a hub for trade and commerce with other parts of the country and neighboring countries such as Niger and Chad.

One of the main trade activities in Katsina State is agriculture, which is the largest sector of the state's economy. The state is known for its production of crops such as millet, sorghum, rice, groundnut, maize, and vegetables. The livestock industry is also a major part of the state's agriculture sector, with cattle, goats, and sheep being the main livestock reared in the state.

Apart from agriculture, Katsina State is also known for its thriving textiles industry. The state has a rich tradition of weaving, and many local artisans produce fabrics such as the popular 'kofa' and 'tare da doki'. These fabrics are highly prized and are used in the production of traditional clothing such as the 'babban riga' worn by men and the 'hijab' worn by women.

In addition to agriculture and textiles, Katsina State is also known for its vibrant markets and trade fairs. The state has several large markets, including the popular Katsina Central Market, which attracts traders and merchants from all over Nigeria and neighboring countries.

Overall, trade is an essential part of Katsina State's economy and has helped to promote economic growth and development in the state.

Cultural Heritage
Katsina State is known for its rich cultural heritage, which is deeply rooted in the traditions and customs of the various ethnic groups found in the state. The state's cultural heritage is reflected in its art, music, dance, and festivals, which are a source of pride for the people of the state.

One of the most famous cultural traditions in Katsina State is the Durbar festival. This festival is celebrated annually in several towns across the state, including Katsina, Daura, and Zaria. The Durbar festival is a colorful and vibrant celebration that involves horse riding and traditional displays of martial arts and weaponry.

The state is also known for its traditional music and dance, which are an essential part of the state's cultural heritage. The traditional music of Katsina State includes instruments such as the 'goge' (a one-stringed fiddle), the 'kalangu' (a small drum), and the 'gungon' (a large bass drum). Traditional dances in Katsina State include the 'sara' and the 'kwalliya', which are performed at weddings and other important social events.

Katsina State is also home to several historical sites and monuments that reflect the state's cultural heritage. These include the Katsina City Walls, which were built in the 16th century to protect the city from invaders, and the Gobarau Minaret, which is one of the oldest surviving Islamic structures in Nigeria.

Overall, the cultural heritage of Katsina State is a source of pride for the people of the state and is a testament to the rich history and traditions of the various ethnic groups that call the state home.

Katsina State is known for its rich cultural heritage and is home to several colorful and vibrant festivals that celebrate the state's history, traditions, and customs. Here are some of the most popular festivals in Katsina State:

Durbar Festival: The Durbar festival is celebrated annually in several towns across Katsina State, including Katsina, Daura, and Zaria. The festival is a colorful and vibrant celebration that involves horse riding and traditional displays of martial arts and weaponry.

Argungu Fishing Festival: The Argungu Fishing Festival is one of the most popular festivals in Katsina State and attracts visitors from all over Nigeria and beyond. The festival is celebrated annually in the town of Argungu and involves a fishing competition in which participants use traditional fishing methods to catch the largest fish.

Hawan Daushe: Hawan Daushe is a traditional festival celebrated in Katsina State to mark the end of Ramadan. The festival involves traditional dances, music, and prayers and is a time for families and communities to come together and celebrate.

Katsina State Cultural Day: The Katsina State Cultural Day is celebrated annually to promote and celebrate the state's rich cultural heritage. The festival involves traditional dances, music, and food, and is an opportunity for the people of the state to showcase their cultural traditions.

Gani Festival: The Gani Festival is celebrated annually in the town of Gani in Katsina State. The festival is a time for communities to come together and celebrate their agricultural heritage and involves traditional dances, music, and food.

These are just some of the festivals celebrated in Katsina State. Each festival is a unique reflection of the state's cultural heritage and is an important part of the state's social and cultural fabric.


Notable Places
Katsina State is a historically rich state in Nigeria with several notable places to visit. Here are some of the most popular:

Gobarau Minaret: The Gobarau Minaret is located in the ancient city of Katsina and is one of the oldest surviving Islamic structures in Nigeria. It was built in the 15th century and served as a call to prayer for Muslims in the area.

Kusugu Well: The Kusugu Well is a historic site located in Daura, Katsina State. According to legend, it was the place where Bayajidda, a legendary figure in Hausa folklore, met and married the queen of Daura.

Katsina City Walls: The Katsina City Walls were built in the 16th century to protect the city from invaders. The walls are over 7 kilometers long and are made of mud and stone.

Kanta Museum: The Kanta Museum is located in Katsina and houses a collection of artifacts and exhibits on the history and culture of Katsina State. The museum is a great place to learn about the state's rich cultural heritage.

Dutsin-ma Hills: The Dutsin-ma Hills are located in the Dutsin-ma Local Government Area of Katsina State. The hills are known for their scenic views and are a popular destination for hiking and outdoor activities.

Katsina Central Market: The Katsina Central Market is one of the largest markets in Nigeria and is a hub for trade and commerce in Katsina State. It is a great place to experience the state's vibrant culture and sample local food and crafts.

These are just some of the notable places to visit in Katsina State. The state has a rich history and culture, and there are many other historic sites and attractions to explore.


Local Governments in Katsina
Katsina State is divided into 34 Local Government Areas (LGAs) which are further divided into wards and villages. Here are the LGAs in Katsina State:

Baure
Zango
Safana
Daura
Mai'Adua
Dutsi
Mashi
Kaita
Mani
Ingawa
Bindawa
Rimi
Batagarawa
Katsina
Jibia
Batsari
Kurfi
Charanchi
Kankia
Kusada
Sandamu
Dutsin-Ma
Matazu
Dan Musa
Musawa
Kankara
Malumfashi
Kafur
Danja
Bakori
Faskari
Funtua
Dandume
Sabuwa
Each LGA has its own headquarters and is administered by a Local Government Chairman and Councillors elected by the people. These LGAs are responsible for the provision of basic amenities and services to the people in their respective areas.

Government Of katsina state
Katsina State, like other states in Nigeria, has a government structure that is made up of three arms of government: the executive, legislative, and judicial arms.

The Executive Arm:
The executive arm of the Katsina State government is headed by the Governor, who is the chief executive officer of the state. The governor is assisted by a deputy governor and several commissioners who oversee various ministries, departments, and agencies of the state government. The executive arm is responsible for implementing policies and programs that will improve the lives of the people in the state.

The Legislative Arm:
The legislative arm of the Katsina State government is made up of the House of Assembly, which is responsible for making laws and overseeing the activities of the executive arm. The House of Assembly is made up of 34 members, representing the 34 Local Government Areas in the state. The Speaker of the House of Assembly is the head of the legislative arm.

The Judicial Arm:
The judicial arm of the Katsina State government is headed by the Chief Judge of the state, who is responsible for overseeing the state's judiciary. The judiciary is independent of the executive and legislative arms and is responsible for interpreting the laws of the state and dispensing justice.

The Katsina State government is committed to providing good governance and ensuring that the needs of the people are met. The state government is involved in various initiatives, including healthcare, education, agriculture, and infrastructure development, to improve the lives of the people in the state.


Notable people in katsina
Katsina State has produced several notable people in various fields, including politics, business, sports, and entertainment. Here are some of the notable people from Katsina State:

Alhaji Aminu Bello Masari - the current Governor of Katsina State
Umaru Musa Yar'Adua - former President of Nigeria (2007-2010)
Ibrahim Coomassie - former Inspector General of Police
Aminu Tambuwal - Governor of Sokoto State and former Speaker of the House of Representatives of Nigeria
Shehu Shema - former Governor of Katsina State
Lawal Kaita - former Governor of Katsina State
Mutiu Adepoju - former Nigerian footballer and member of the 1994 Super Eagles team that won the African Cup of Nations
Abdulmumini Kabir Usman - Emir of Katsina
Sani Danja - Nollywood actor and musician
Hajiya Nana Shettima - CEO of Ahmed Idris & Co., a leading accounting firm in Nigeria
These individuals have made significant contributions to the development of Katsina State and Nigeria as a whole, and continue to inspire others through their achievements.


Traditional Rulers in Katsina
Katsina State has several traditional rulers who play important roles in the governance and cultural heritage of the state. Here are some of the traditional rulers in Katsina State:

Emir of Katsina: The Emir of Katsina is the traditional ruler of the Katsina Emirate, which is one of the oldest and most prominent traditional emirates in Nigeria. The current Emir of Katsina is Alhaji Abdulmumini Kabir Usman.

Emir of Daura: The Emir of Daura is the traditional ruler of the Daura Emirate, which is located in the northern part of Katsina State. The current Emir of Daura is Alhaji Farouk Umar Farouk.

Sarkin Rano: The Sarkin Rano is the traditional ruler of the Rano Emirate, which is located in the southern part of Katsina State. The current Sarkin Rano is Alhaji Tafida Abubakar Ila.

Galadiman Katsina: The Galadiman Katsina is the traditional title given to the second-in-command to the Emir of Katsina. The current Galadiman Katsina is Alhaji Abbas Abdullahi.

Sarkin Fulanin Daura: The Sarkin Fulanin Daura is the traditional ruler of the Fulani people in Daura Emirate. The current Sarkin Fulanin Daura is Alhaji Yusuf Nalado.

These traditional rulers have significant influence over their respective communities and play important roles in preserving the cultural heritage of Katsina State. They also work closely with the government and other stakeholders to promote development and address the needs of their people.


Education in Katsina
Education is a priority in Katsina State, and the government has made significant investments in the sector in recent years. The state government has implemented several initiatives to improve access to quality education for all citizens, especially at the primary and secondary levels.

There are several public and private schools in Katsina State, including primary, secondary, and tertiary institutions. The state government has also established several vocational and technical schools to provide skills training to young people and equip them with the knowledge and expertise needed to succeed in the modern economy.

In addition to traditional schools, the state government has implemented several innovative programs to improve access to education, particularly for marginalized communities. For example, the government has launched a mobile learning program that uses technology to deliver educational content to students in remote areas. The program has been successful in improving access to education for thousands of students who would otherwise be unable to attend school.

At the tertiary level, Katsina State has several universities and other institutions of higher learning, including Federal University Dutsin-Ma, Umaru Musa Yar'Adua University, and Hassan Usman Katsina Polytechnic. These institutions offer a wide range of courses and programs in various fields, including science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, and the arts.

Overall, the government of Katsina State is committed to improving access to quality education for all citizens, and has implemented several programs and initiatives to achieve this goal.


Notable educational institutions in Katsina
Katsina State is home to several notable educational institutions, including:

Federal University Dutsin-Ma: This is a federal university located in Dutsin-Ma, Katsina State. It was established in 2011 and offers courses in various fields including agriculture, science, humanities, and social sciences.

Umaru Musa Yar'Adua University: This is a state-owned university located in Katsina, the capital city of Katsina State. It was established in 2006 and offers courses in various fields including science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, and the arts.

Hassan Usman Katsina Polytechnic: This is a state-owned polytechnic located in Katsina, the capital city of Katsina State. It offers courses in various fields including science, engineering, agriculture, and management.

Al-Qalam University: This is a private university located in Katsina, Katsina State. It was established in 2005 and offers courses in various fields including science, social sciences, humanities, and management.

Katsina State College of Nursing and Midwifery: This is a state-owned institution located in Katsina, the capital city of Katsina State. It offers courses in nursing and midwifery.

Katsina State College of Education: This is a state-owned institution located in Katsina, the capital city of Katsina State. It offers courses in education and related fields.

These institutions are recognized for their academic excellence and have produced graduates who have made significant contributions to various sectors of the economy.


Notable Events in Katsina
Katsina State has a rich cultural heritage and is known for several notable events throughout the year. Some of these events include:

Argungu Fishing Festival: This is a popular fishing festival held annually in Argungu, a town in Kebbi State but close to Katsina State. The festival attracts participants from all over Nigeria and features traditional fishing competitions, music, dance, and other cultural activities.

Durbar Festival: This is a colorful festival held annually in Katsina and other parts of northern Nigeria to mark the end of the Muslim fasting month of Ramadan. The festival features horse riding displays, music, and traditional dance.

Katsina State Carnival: This is an annual cultural festival held in Katsina State. It is a celebration of the diverse cultural heritage of the state and features traditional dance, music, fashion, and food.

Katsina State Trade Fair: This is an annual event organized by the Katsina Chamber of Commerce, Industry, Mines, and Agriculture. The fair provides a platform for local businesses to showcase their products and services, and to network with potential customers and partners.

Katsina State Independence Day Celebration: This is an annual event held on October 1st to commemorate Nigeria's independence from British colonial rule. The celebration features cultural displays, parades, and speeches.

These events showcase the rich cultural heritage of Katsina State and provide a platform for locals and visitors alike to celebrate and learn about the state's traditions and history.


Katsina state FAQ
Here are some frequently asked questions (FAQs) about Katsina State, Nigeria:

Where is Katsina State located in Nigeria?
Katsina State is located in the northwestern part of Nigeria, bordering Niger Republic to the north and Kano State to the east.

What is the capital city of Katsina State?
The capital city of Katsina State is Katsina.

What is the population of Katsina State?
According to the 2006 national census, the population of Katsina State was 6,340,000. However, the estimated population as of 2021 is over 8 million.

What languages are spoken in Katsina State?
Hausa is the main language spoken in Katsina State, but other languages such as Fulfulde, Arabic, and English are also spoken.

What are the major religions in Katsina State?
Islam is the dominant religion in Katsina State, but there are also Christian and traditional religious adherents.

What is Katsina State known for?
Katsina State is known for its rich cultural heritage, including traditional festivals such as the Durbar festival, the production of cotton and groundnuts, and the cultivation of vegetables and fruits.

What are some popular tourist attractions in Katsina State?
Popular tourist attractions in Katsina State include the Gobarau Minaret, the Katsina City Walls, the Kusugu well, the Emir of Katsina's Palace, and the Katsina State History and Culture Bureau Museum.

What is the climate like in Katsina State?
Katsina State has a tropical climate with two main seasons: the rainy season from May to September and the dry season from October to April. Temperatures can reach up to 40°C during the hot dry season.

What is the political structure of Katsina State?
Katsina State has a governor who is the chief executive, and a House of Assembly that serves as the legislative arm of government. The state is divided into 34 local government areas.

What are some notable educational institutions in Katsina State?
Notable educational institutions in Katsina State include the Federal University Dutsin-Ma, Umaru Musa Yar'Adua University, Hassan Usman Katsina Polytechnic, and Al-Qalam University.

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