History of Lagos State
The history of Lagos, Nigeria can be traced back to the 16th century when it was settled by the Yoruba people. The region was ruled by various kingdoms and empires, including the Kingdom of Lagos, which was founded in the late 18th century by Oba Akitoye. The city became a major center for trade and commerce, particularly in palm oil and slaves.
In 1861, Lagos was annexed by the British Empire and became a colony, which was later incorporated into the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria in 1914. The city continued to grow and develop under British rule and became a major center for trade, industry, and education.
After Nigeria gained independence from Britain in 1960, Lagos became the capital of the newly-formed country and remained so until 1991 when it was moved to Abuja. Lagos is now a megacity and the commercial capital of Nigeria, with a population of over 21 million people.
The history of Lagos is also marked by social, cultural and economic development, has been a major center of political activity in Nigeria, and has played a significant role in the country's economic development.
Lagos sometimes referred to as Lagos State to distinguish it from Lagos Metropolitan Area, is a state located in southwestern Nigeria. The smallest in area of Nigeria's 36 states, Lagos State is arguably the most economically important state of the country, containing Lagos, the nation's largest urban area. It is a major financial center and would be the fifth-largest economy in Africa if it were a country.
It has the highest population density of Nigeria's states. The actual population total is disputed between the official Nigerian Census of 2006 and a much higher figure claimed by the Lagos State Government.
Lagos State is bounded on the north and east by Ogun State. In the west, it shares boundaries with the Republic of Benin. Behind its southern borders lies the Atlantic Ocean. 22% of its 3,577 km2 are lagoons and creeks.
Victoria Island, the financial center of the metropolis, is known for its beach resorts, boutiques, and nightlife. To the north, Lagos Island is home to the National Museum Lagos, displaying cultural artifacts and craftworks. Nearby is Freedom Park, once a colonial-era prison and now a major venue for concerts and public events.